A Counterintuitive Thing About Python Dictionaries
...which many python programmers get confused with.
Despite adding 4 distinct keys to a Python dictionary, can you tell why it only preserves two of them?
In Python, dictionaries find a key based on the equivalence of hash (computed using
hash()), but not identity (computed using
In this case, there’s no doubt that
True inherently have different datatypes and are also different objects. This is shown below:
Yet, as they share the same hash value, the dictionary considers them as the same keys.
But did you notice that in the demonstration, the final key is
1.0, while the value corresponds to the key
This is because, at first,
1.0 is added as a key and its value is
'One (float)'. Next, while adding the key
1, python recognizes it as an equivalence of the hash value.
Thus, the value corresponding to
1.0 is overwritten by
'One (int)', while the key (
1.0) is kept as is.
Finally, while adding
True, another hash equivalence is encountered with an existing key of
1.0. Yet again, the value corresponding to
1.0, which was updated to
'One (int)' in the previous step, is overwritten by
I am sure you may have already guessed why the string key ‘
1’ is retained.
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Find the code for my tips here: GitHub.
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